italian battleship cavour

"The Action off Calabria and the Myth of Moral Ascendancy". They were extensively reconstructed between 1933 and 1937 with more powerful guns, additional armor and considerably more speed than before. She participated in the First Battle of Sirte on 17 December 1941, providing distant cover for a convoy bound for Libya, again never firing her main armament. Mar 1, 2016 - Conte Di Cavour Italian Battleship (modernized boat WW1) class Cavour. [47], After the war, Giulio Cesare was allocated to the Soviet Union as war reparations in 1949, and renamed Novorossiysk, after the Soviet city on the Black Sea. The battleship was unceremoniously broken up … The ship was damaged in January 1941 by a near miss during an air raid on Naples; repairs were completed in early February. Only 40% of the original ship's structure remained after the reconstruction was completed. The Cavour class in that sense was almost a super-class, of which most ships entered service when WW1 has broke out. As with many large ships of the Italian Navy at the beginning of 20th century, she had an almost symmetrical silhouette. [33], In 1919, Conte di Cavour sailed to North America and visited ports in the United States as well as Halifax, Canada. Fragments started several fires and their smoke was drawn into the boiler rooms, forcing four boilers off-line as their operators could not breathe. [21] Leonardo da Vinci was also little used and was sunk by an internal magazine explosion at Taranto harbor on the night of 2/3 August 1916 while loading ammunition. The ships were also fitted with three submerged 45-centimeter (17.7 in) torpedo tubes, one on each broadside and the third in the stern. [18] Their barbettes also had 230-millimeter armor above the forecastle[19] deck that reduced to 180 millimeters (7.1 in) between the forecastle and upper decks and 130 millimeters below the upper deck. It had a maximum thickness of 250 millimeters (9.8 in) amidships, reducing to 130 millimeters (5.1 in) towards the stern and 80 millimeters (3.1 in) towards the bow. Sources disagree regarding these guns' performance, but naval historian Giorgio Giorgerini claims that they fired 452-kilogram (996 lb) armor-piercing (AP) projectiles at the rate of one round per minute and that they had a muzzle velocity of 840 m/s (2,800 ft/s) which gave a maximum range of 24,000 meters (26,000 yd). They had a crew of 31 officers and 969 enlisted men. The "Dreadnought" classification stemmed from the British Royal Navy's introduction of their HMS Dreadnought in 1906 - a ship that rewrote the standard for then-modern fighting vessels by way of its all-big-gun main armament and … Three minutes after she opened fire, shells from Giulio Cesare began to straddle Warspite which made a small turn and increased speed, to throw off the Italian ship's aim, at 16:00. Conte di Cavour was an Conte di Cavour-class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War I and World War II. It had a maximum thickness of 250 millimeters (9.8 in) amidships, reducing to 130 millimeters (5.1 in) towards the stern and 80 millimeters (3.1 in) towards the bow. [2] Construction was delayed by late deliveries of the 305-millimeter guns and armor plates as well as shortages of labor. [23] All of the changes made during their reconstruction increased their displacement to 26,140 long tons (26,560 t) at standard load and 29,100 long tons (29,600 t) at deep load. Designed to reach a maximum speed of 22.5 knots (41.7 km/h; 25.9 mph), none of the ships reached this goal on their sea trials, despite generally exceeding the rated power of their turbines. Conte di Cavour was mostly inactive in 1921 because of personnel shortages and was refitted at La Spezia from November to March 1922. [13], The secondary armament on the first two ships consisted of eighteen 50-caliber 120-millimeter (4.7 in) guns, also designed by Armstrong Whitworth and Vickers,[14] mounted in casemates on the sides of the hull. One torpedo exploded underneath 'B' turret at 23:15, and her captain requested tugboats to help ground the ship on a nearby 12-meter (39 ft) sandbank. She was grounded with most of her hull underwater and her repairs were not completed before the Italian surrender in September 1943. In addition the ships were fitted with a dozen 54-caliber Breda 37-millimeter (1.5 in) light AA guns in six twin-gun mounts and twelve 13.2-millimeter (0.52 in) Breda M31 anti-aircraft machine guns, also in twin mounts. You can earn most of these battleships in early access play by collecting the new Italian Tokens temporary resource. See more ideas about battleship, warship, navy ships. [30] In 1940 the 13.2 mm machine guns were replaced by 65-caliber 20-millimeter (0.8 in) AA guns in twin mounts. In 1925–1926 the foremast was replaced by a tetrapodal mast, which was moved forward of the funnels,[21] the rangefinders were upgraded, and the ships were equipped to handle a Macchi M.18 seaplane mounted on the center turret. [31] In 1940 the 13.2 mm machine guns were replaced by 65-caliber 20 mm (0.79 in) AA guns in twin mounts. The battleship's main armament comprised thirteen 305 mm guns. These guns had the same range of elevation as the secondary guns, and their rate of fire was higher at 10 rounds per minute. This reduced the ship's speed to 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). While at anchor in Sevastopol on the night of 28/29 October 1955, she detonated a large German mine left over from World War II. She participated in the First Battle of Sirte on 17 December 1941, providing distant cover for a convoy bound for Libya, again never firing her main armament. Built to a design by Chief Engineer (Tenente Generale del Genio Navale) Edoardo Masdea, Conte di Cavour was based in Taranto, in the impending war against Austria-Hungary (World War I).At the beginning of the war, 24 May 1915, Conte di Cavour became the flagship of the Rear-Admiral Luigi Amedeo di Savoia.During the war, the battleship had no … Giulio Cesare received two more twin mounts as well as four additional 37 mm guns in twin mounts on the forecastle between the two turrets in 1941. Although she was not undergoing one of a class of three Parsons steam sets... Down, on 17 September 1919 and righted on 24 January 1921 by 23 and... Contemporary torpedoes the Myth of Moral Ascendancy '' this lasted until June 1937 for Conte Cavour! The Myth of Moral Ascendancy '' Trieste for permanent repairs took until 22 December Italian surrender in September 1943 base. Protected the casemates and was 110 millimeters ( 4.3 in ) in the Levant in 1919 and 1920 ships in! 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