bonobo slang meaning

‘Experts now bracket humans in the ‘hominidae’ family of great apes, along with orang-utans, chimpanzees, bonobos and gorillas.’ ‘The situation is most dire for primates such as bonobos, chimpanzees and gorillas.’ The species is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and is threatened by habitat destruction and human population growth and movement, though commercial poaching is the most prominent threat. Five incidents were observed in a group of bonobos in Salonga National Park, which seemed to reflect deliberate cooperative hunting. [91][92] However, at least one confirmed report of cannibalism in the wild of a dead infant was described in 2008. The ultimate slang dictionary for the slang words you have always wondered about, plus how long the words have been around and how they become popular. Because Among Us is a free mobile game, plenty of what players say is written as if it were a text message. • BONOBO (noun) Sense 1. Awareness is ever increasing, and even nonscientific or ecological sites have created various groups to collect donations to help with the conservation of this species. : a rare anthropoid ape (Pan paniscus) that has a more slender build and longer limbs than the related common chimpanzee (P. troglodytes) and that inhabits a small geographic region in equatorial Africa south of the Congo River. American slang! The Zoological Society has conducted regional surveys within the range of the bonobo in conjunction with training Congolese researchers in survey methodology and biodiversity monitoring. What does bonobos mean? For example: "But, A A!" In captive settings, females exhibit extreme food-based aggression towards males, and forge coalitions against them to monopolize specific food items, often going as far as to mutilate any males who fail to heed their warning. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. In 2002, the Bonobo Conservation Initiative initiated the Bonobo Peace Forest Project supported by the Global Conservation Fund of Conservation International and in cooperation with national institutions, local NGOs, and local communities. Estimates range from 60,000 to fewer than 50,000 living, according to the World Wildlife Fund. The bonobo is one of the two ape species in the Genus Pan. Bonobo translation in English-Italian dictionary. Ernst Schwarz's 1927 paper “Le Chimpanzé de la Rive Gauche du Congo”, announcing his discovery, has been read as an association between the Parisian Left Bank and the left bank of the Congo River; the bohemian culture in Paris, and an unconventional ape in the Congo.[105]. The authors hypothesize that the victim may perceive the motivational autonomy of the bystander, who does not require an invitation to provide post-conflict affinitive contact. It's found in the forests of Zaire. The Zoological Society's initial goal was to survey Salonga National Park to determine the conservation status of the bonobo within the park and to provide financial and technical assistance to strengthen park protection. They communicate primarily through vocal means, although the meanings of their vocalizations are not currently known. [101] A 2013 study[102] found that both the affiliation spontaneously offered by a bystander to the victim and the affiliation requested by the victim (solicited affiliation) can reduce the probability of further aggression by group members on the victim (this fact supporting the Victim-Protection Hypothesis). Acting on Action Plan recommendations, the ZSM developed the Bonobo and Congo Biodiversity Initiative. The bonobo also has a slim upper body, narrow shoulders, thin neck, and long legs when compared to the common chimpanzee. Words are shortened, and letters are often omitted to keep things moving as smoothly as possible. They of course look very alike, but there are differences. Kanzi's vocabulary consists of more than 500 English words,[98] and he has comprehension of around 3,000 spoken English words. [60][66] This also may occur when two males rub their penises together while in face-to-face position. In 1995, concern over declining numbers of bonobos in the wild led the Zoological Society of Milwaukee, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, with contributions from bonobo scientists around the world, to publish the Action Plan for Pan paniscus: A Report on Free Ranging Populations and Proposals for their Preservation. Although the name "chimpanzee" is sometimes used to refer to both species together, it is usually understood as referring to the common chimpanzee, while Pan paniscus is usually referred to as the bonobo. [56], Sexual activity generally plays a major role in bonobo society, being used as what some scientists perceive as a greeting, a means of forming social bonds, a means of conflict resolution, and postconflict reconciliation. Simon Green (born 30 March 1976), known by his stage name Bonobo, is a British musician, producer, and DJ based in Los Angeles. A Korean dude who muds like a maniac and farts uncontrollably. [75], It is unknown how the bonobo avoids simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) and its effects. The Action Plan compiles population data on bonobos from 20 years of research conducted at various sites throughout the bonobo's range. [4] De Waal has warned of the danger of romanticizing bonobos: "All animals are competitive by nature and cooperative only under specific circumstances" and that "when first writing about their behaviour, I spoke of 'sex for peace' precisely because bonobos had plenty of conflicts. It has a black face with pink lips, small ears, wide nostrils, and long hair on its head that forms a parting. Its scientific name is Pan paniscus. The plan identifies priority actions for bonobo conservation and serves as a reference for developing conservation programs for researchers, government officials, and donor agencies. [76], Observations in the wild indicate that the males among the related common chimpanzee communities are hostile to males from outside the community. Provide training, literacy education, agricultural techniques, schools, equipment, and jobs for Congolese living near bonobo habitats so that they will have a vested interest in protecting the great apes – the ZSM started an agriculture project to help the Congolese learn to grow crops and depend less on hunting wild animals. Formerly the bonobo was considered a subspecies of the chimp, but no more. (2011). an anthropoid ape, Pan paniscus, of central W Africa: similar to the chimpanzee but much smaller and having a black face. [108], The port town of Basankusu is situated on the Lulonga River, at the confluence of the Lopori and Maringa Rivers, in the north of the country, making it well placed to receive and transport local goods to the cities of Mbandaka and Kinshasa. In Salonga National Park, the only national park in the bonobo habitat, there is no local involvement, and surveys undertaken since 2000 indicate the bonobo, the African forest elephant, and other species have been devastated by poachers and the thriving bushmeat trade. [49] She will even take measures such as physical intervention to prevent other males from breeding with certain females she wants her son to mate with. Bonobo clitorises are larger and more externalized than in most mammals;[61] while the weight of a young adolescent female bonobo "is maybe half" that of a human teenager, she has a clitoris that is "three times bigger than the human equivalent, and visible enough to waggle unmistakably as she walks". [64], Bonobo males engage in various forms of male–male genital behavior. [93][94], Bonobos are capable of passing the mirror-recognition test for self-awareness,[95] as are all great apes. [4] As the two species are not proficient swimmers, the formation of the Congo River 1.5–2 million years ago possibly led to the speciation of the bonobo. British slang is one of the reasons why English speakers from other countries struggle to understand people from the United Kingdom. In addition, concerned parties have addressed the crisis on several science and ecological websites. [54], In wild settings, however, female bonobos are not above begging males for food if they had gotten it first, suggesting sex-based hierarchy roles are less rigid than in captive colonies. The researchers wanted to know if Kanzi possessed the cognitive and biomechanical abilities required to make and use stone tools. There is strong local and broad-based Congolese resistance to establishing national parks, as indigenous communities have often been driven from their forest homes by the establishment of parks. Chimpanzee males intimidate and beat females; As the primatologist Frans de Waal has put it, Up there with tiger tooth extraction and female, Post the Definition of bonobo to Facebook, Share the Definition of bonobo on Twitter. His tranquil electronic sound incorporates the use of organic instrumentation, and is recreated by a full band in live performances. While social hierarchies do exist, and although the son of a high ranking female may outrank a lower female, rank plays a less prominent role than in other primate societies. Bonobo. [73] This resulted from a study undertaken by researchers Kathy Schick and Nicholas Toth, and later Gary Garufi. [22], According to A. Zihlman, bonobo body proportions closely resemble those of Australopithecus,[23] leading evolutionary biologist Jeremy Griffith to suggest that bonobos may be a living example of our distant human ancestors. [34] Other researchers challenged this conclusion. Businessman one: We've got the usual meet and greet- shake hands and smile 'sincerely'. An informal term that stands for or means something else than its literal meaning; a shorter way to say a word or phrase Meaning of bonobos. Adult female bonobos are somewhat smaller than adult males. On three occasions, the hunt was successful, and infant monkeys were captured and eaten. Which of the following refers to thin, bending ice, or to the act of running over such ice. [103], Bonobos are found only south of the Congo River and north of the Kasai River (a tributary of the Congo),[104] in the humid forests of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The bonobo (/bəˈnoʊboʊ, ˈbɒnəboʊ/; Pan paniscus), also historically called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee,[3] is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other being the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). [40], Bonobos are unique among nonhuman apes for their distinct social organisation, as unlike other great apes, the highest ranking members in a bonobo troop are females. [55], Female bonobos are known to lead hunts on duikers and successfully defend their bounty from marauding males in the wild. Importantly, spontaneous affiliation followed the empathic gradient described for humans, being mostly offered to kin, then friends, then acquaintances (these categories having been determined using affiliation rates between individuals). Information and translations of bonobos in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … [35], Primatologist Frans de Waal states bonobos are capable of altruism, compassion, empathy, kindness, patience, and sensitivity,[3] and described "bonobo society" as a "gynecocracy". The Peace Forest Project works with local communities to establish a linked constellation of community-based reserves, managed by local and indigenous people. Here you will find a useful list of common American slang words with meaning and examples. [103] Although the bonobos' laugh was at a higher frequency, the laugh was found to follow a spectrographic pattern similar to that of human babies. [24] According to Australian anthropologists Gary Clark and Maciej Henneberg, human ancestors went through a bonobo-like phase featuring reduced aggression and associated anatomical changes, exemplified in Ardipithecus ramidus.[25]. Usually used like, "Well, excuse me!" The appellative "pygmy" is attributable to the species' namer, Ernst Schwarz, who classified the species on the basis of a previously mislabeled bonobo cranium, noting its diminutive size compared to chimpanzee skulls. His tranquil electronic sound incorporates the use of organic instrumentation, and is recreated by a full band in live performances. He debuted with a trip hop aesthetic, and has since explored more upbeat approaches as well as jazz and world music influences. The bonobo is distinguished by relatively long legs, pink lips, dark face, tail-tuft through adulthood, and parted long hair on its head. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Accessed 15 Jan. 2021. More often than the males, female bonobos engage in mutual genital-rubbing behavior, possibly to bond socially with each other, thus forming a female nucleus of bonobo society. Bonobo party size tends to vary because the groups exhibit a fission–fusion pattern. Definition of bonobo. Postpartum amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) lasts less than one year and a female may resume external signs of oestrus within a year of giving birth, though the female is probably not fertile at this point. During the wars in the 1990s, researchers and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) were driven out of the bonobo habitat. [20] [99] Kanzi is also known for learning by observing people trying to teach his mother; Kanzi started doing the tasks that his mother was taught just by watching, some of which his mother had failed to learn. What does BONOBO mean? Although the name "chimpanzee" is sometimes used to refer to both species together, it is usually understood as referring to the common chimpanzee, whereas Pan paniscus is usually referred to as the bonobo. [79][80] It has been hypothesized that bonobos are able to live a more peaceful lifestyle in part because of an abundance of nutritious vegetation in their natural habitat, allowing them to travel and forage in large parties. [3] In another, rarer form of genital rubbing, which is the non-human analogue of frotting, engaged in by some human males, two bonobo males hang from a tree limb face-to-face while penis fencing. Organizations such as the World Wide Fund for Nature, the African Wildlife Foundation, and others, are trying to focus attention on the extreme risk to the species. With grants from the United Nations, USAID, the U.S. Embassy, the World Wildlife Fund, and many other groups and individuals, the Zoological Society also has been working to: Starting in 2003, the U.S. government allocated $54 million to the Congo Basin Forest Partnership. The slang word / phrase / acronym bobo means... . (ˈbɒnəbəʊ ) noun. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? [61] As bonobos occasionally copulate face-to-face, "evolutionary biologist Marlene Zuk has suggested that the position of the clitoris in bonobos and some other primates has evolved to maximize stimulation during sexual intercourse". Bipedal walking has been recorded as less than 1% of terrestrial locomotion in the wild, a figure that decreased with habituation,[31] while in captivity there is a wide variation. [57][4] Bonobos are the only non-human animal to have been observed engaging in tongue kissing. Some have suggested that a reserve be established in a more stable part of Africa, or on an island in a place such as Indonesia. [12][13] Major behavioural differences between bonobos and chimps were first discussed in detail by Tratz and Heck in the early 1950s. Send us feedback. [78] Both bonobos and chimpanzees exhibit physical aggression more than 100 times as often as humans do. Wilson Wiessner, Pauline and Schiefenhövel, Wulf (1996). Learn more. The bonding among females enables them to dominate most of the males. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? "Sociosexual behavior used for tension regulation in all age and sex combinations among bonobos", pp. [60] Adolescent females often leave their native community to join another community. They also do not seem to discriminate in their sexual behavior by sex or age, with the possible exception of abstaining from sexual activity between mothers and their adult sons. [48], A mother bonobo will also support her son in conflicts with other males and help him secure better ties with other females, enhancing her chance of gaining grandchildren from him. [21] The first Pan fossils were reported in 2005 from the Middle Pleistocene (after the bonobo–chimp split) of Kenya, alongside early Homo fossils. Classified under: Nouns denoting animals. Examples of Portmanteau Slang. Fish & Wildlife Service Species Profile, Susan Savage-Rumbaugh: Apes that write, start fires and play Pac-Man, WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature / World Wildlife Fund) – Bonobo species profile, San Diego Zoo Library: Bonobo, Pan paniscus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bonobo&oldid=1000260552, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Endemic fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Survey the bonobo population and its habitat to find ways to help protect these apes, Develop antipoaching measures to help save apes, forest elephants, and other endangered animals in Congo's Salonga National Park, a UN World Heritage site. This migration mixes the bonobo gene pools, providing genetic diversity. He has been prominent since 1999. [67] Takayoshi Kano observed similar practices among bonobos in the natural habitat. The bonobo population is believed to have declined sharply in the last 30 years, though surveys have been hard to carry out in war-ravaged central Congo. The total length of bonobos (from the nose to the rump while on all fours) is 70 to 83 cm (28 to 33 in). [26][27][28][29] When adult bonobos and chimpanzees stand up on their legs, they can both attain a height of 115 cm (45 in). Etymology of 'bonobo' This allowed him to produce a larger force to initiate a fracture as opposed to knapping it in his hands.[100]. What made you want to look up bonobo? Language that is unique to a particular profession or subject; jargon.. Cookies help us deliver our services. The species is omnivorous and inhabits primary and secondary forests, including seasonally inundated swamp forests. [43] Males can still secure a very high social status in their group, and the alpha male will usually lead the group, protect it from threats, alert the troop to danger, and decide where they travel to and where they feed, he will still be outranked by the alpha female and need her support to keep his position, as she will always have the final say on where the group travels. DNA evidence suggests the bonobo and common chimpanzee species diverged approximately 890,000–860,000 years ago due to separation of these two populations possibly due to acidification and the spread of savannas at this time. [38] A 2014 study also found bonobos to be less aggressive than chimpanzees, particularly eastern chimpanzees. Here are the most commonly-used phrases in Among Us and what they mean. [62] In scientific literature, the female–female behavior of bonobos pressing genitals together is often referred to as genito-genital (GG) rubbing,[60][63] which is the non-human analogue of tribadism, engaged in by some human females. ", Animal sexual behaviour § Genital-genital rubbing, permanent monogamous sexual relationships, mirror-recognition test for self-awareness, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T15932A17964305.en, "Bonobo anatomy reveals stasis and mosaicism in chimpanzee evolution, and supports bonobos as the most appropriate extant model for the common ancestor of chimpanzees and humans", "Das Vorkommen des Schimpansen auf den linken Kongo-Ufer", "The bonobo genome compared with the chimpanzee and human genomes", "Neandertal, bonobo genomes may shed light on human evolution; MPI, 454 preparing drafts", The Chimpanzee Sequencing and Analysis Consortium, "Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome", "Divergence population genetics of chimpanzees", "The life history of Ardipithecus ramidus: A heterochronic model of sexual and social maturation", "Vertical jumping performance of bonobo (, "Bonobo videos, photos and facts – Pan paniscus", "In the wild, chimpanzees are more motivated to cooperate than bonobos", "Attractive Bonobo Females Are More Likely to Win Conflicts Against Males", "Reevaluation of dominance hierarchy in bonobos (Pan paniscus)". The other (very well known) ape species in this Genus is the common chimpanzee - Pan troglodytes. Bonobos have more grey matter volume in the right anterior insula, right dorsal amygdala, hypothalamus, and right dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, all of which are regions assumed to be vital for feeling empathy, sensing distress in others and feeling anxiety. [9][10], The bonobo was first recognised as a distinct taxon in 1928 by German anatomist Ernst Schwarz, based on a skull in the Tervuren Museum in Belgium which had previously been classified as a juvenile chimp (Pan troglodytes). Learn a new word every day. The highly sexual nature of bonobo society and the fact that there is little competition over mates means that many males and females are mating with each other, in contrast to the one dominant male chimpanzee that fathers most of the offspring in a group. A community of approximately 100 will split into small groups during the day while looking for food, and then will come back together to sleep. [slang], fantastic, fine, first-class, first-rate, first-string, five-star, four-star, frontline, gangbusters (also gangbuster), gilt-edged (or gilt-edge), gone [slang], grand, great, groovy, heavenly, high-class, hot, hype … Bonobo handshaking- having sex. This sexual activity happens within the immediate female bonobo community and sometimes outside of it. [8], The name "bonobo" first appeared in 1954, when Austrian zoologist Eduard Paul Tratz and German biologist Heinz Heck proposed it as a new and separate generic term for pygmy chimpanzees. Because of political instability in the region and the timidity of bonobos, there has been relatively little field work done observing the species in its natural habitat. [59], Bonobos do not form permanent monogamous sexual relationships with individual partners. The Zoological Society has built schools, hired teachers, provided some medicines, and started an agriculture project to help the Congolese learn to grow crops and depend less on hunting wild animals.[112]. Sexual bonding with other females establishes these new females as members of the group. [37], Some primatologists have argued that de Waal's data reflect only the behavior of captive bonobos, suggesting that wild bonobos show levels of aggression closer to what is found among chimpanzees. When bonobos come upon a new food source or feeding ground, the increased excitement will usually lead to communal sexual activity, presumably decreasing tension and encouraging peaceful feeding.[60]. Male bonobos are known to attack each other and inflict serious injuries such as missing digits, damaged eyes and torn ears. [87] Some claim bonobos have also been known to practise cannibalism in captivity, a claim disputed by others. Instances in which non-human primates have expressed joy have been reported. Some, such as philosopher and bioethicist Peter Singer, argue that these results qualify them for "rights to survival and life"—rights which humans theoretically accord to all persons (See great ape personhood). The genome of a female bonobo from the Leipzig zoo was deposited with the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank) under the EMBL accession number AJFE01000000[16] after a previous analysis by the National Human Genome Research Institute confirmed that the bonobo genome is about 0.4% divergent from the chimpanzee genome. Bonobos typically live 40 years in captivity; their lifespan in the wild is unknown, but it is almost certainly much shorter. [78], The ranges of bonobos and chimpanzees are separated by the Congo River, with bonobos living to the south of it, and chimpanzees to the north. In the 1990s, Kanzi was taught to make and use simple stone tools. Most of this vocabulary tends to be slang borrowed from the real world. [77] This does not appear to be the behavior of bonobo males or females, which seem to prefer sexual contact over violent confrontation with outsiders. [74] The strategy of bonobo females mating with many males may be a counterstrategy to infanticide because it confuses paternity. [60] However, female bonobo oestrus periods are longer. — called also pygmy chimpanzee. See more. Bonobo definition, a small chimpanzee, Pan paniscus, primarily of swamp forests in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, having long legs, black face, pink lips, and parted hair on its head: an endangered species. Mothers will help their sons get more matings from females in oestrus. Also, bonobo females which are sterile or too young to reproduce still engage in sexual activity. [83][84] This thicker connection may make them better at regulating their emotional impulses and behavior. The name is thought to derive from a misspelling on a shipping crate from the town of Bolobo on the Congo River near the location from which the first bonobo specimens were collected in the 1920s. or "Eh Eh!...Is you here?" The ultimate slang dictionary brings you slang definitions, plus everything you ever needed to know about American English slang words, Gen Z slang, British slang, and more. With Basankusu being the last port of substance before the wilderness of the Lopori Basin and the Lomako River—the bonobo heartland—conservation efforts for the bonobo[109] use the town as a base.[110][111]. This program includes habitat and rain-forest preservation, training for Congolese nationals and conservation institutions, wildlife population assessment and monitoring, and education. Some slang words just sound very unfamiliar, while some other words have completely different meanings in the standard and the slang version of English. This model, implemented mainly through DRC organizations and local communities, has helped bring about agreements to protect over 50,000 square miles (130,000 km2) of the bonobo habitat. [107] In contrast, areas exist where the bonobo and biodiversity still thrive without any established parks, due to the indigenous beliefs and taboos against killing bonobos. [15], The first official publication of the sequencing and assembly of the bonobo genome was published in June 2012. [52] However, bonobos are not as promiscuous as chimpanzees and slightly polygamous tendencies occur, with high-ranking males enjoying greater reproductive success than low-ranking males. [87], The bonobo is an omnivorous frugivore; 57% of its diet is fruit, but this is supplemented with leaves, honey, eggs,[88] meat from small vertebrates such as anomalures, flying squirrels and duikers,[89] and invertebrates. “Bonobo.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bonobo. [32] These physical characteristics and its posture give the bonobo an appearance more closely resembling that of humans than the common chimpanzee does. The appellative "pygmy" is attributable to the species' namer, Ernst Schwarz, who classified the species on the basis of a previously mislabeled bonobo cranium, noting its diminutive size compared to chimpanzee skulls.

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