turmeric botanical name

Turmeric should not be confused with Javanese turmeric root (Curcuma zedoaria). Turmeric contains about 6 per cent of volatile oil, and about 5 per cent of a crystalline yellow substance, curcumin. Tekurpet’s rhizomes have the right color and higher curing percentage. Inflorescence is a central spike of 10-15 cm length. In Korean, it is called. Turmeric is also used as a colouring and dyeing agent. Highly branched, yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes are found. It typically grows to 3-4’ tall in a foliage clump of ornamentally-attractive, canna-like, pleated, elliptic to lanceolate green leaves (each to 3 1/2’ long). The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Family. The plant is a herbaceous perennial, 60-90 cm high, with a short stem and tufted leaf. Overview of Turmeric The botanical name of turmeric is Curcuma longa, and it belong to plant family Zingiberaceae. The fingers and bulbs are cylindrical or sub-cylindrical in shape, bluntly tapering at both ends. The transversely cut surface shows a paler or darker endodermal ring separating the stele from the cortex, in both of which numerous fibrovascular bundles remain scattered. Mañcaḷ in Tamil. It also contains resin, sugars and starch. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa L. Origin: Madagascar, Sri Lanka or India (see COA for lot specific origin) Process: Steam Distilled Essential Oil Plant Part: Rhizomes Cultivation: Certified Organic (USDA, NOP); Use: Aromatherapy / Natural Perfumery.Always dilute. About 30 flowers are produced in a spike. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa Main Constituents: Total Turmerones: 10 - 40% Plant Part: Root Origin: India Processing Method: Steam Distilled Description / Color / Consistency: Pale yellow to orange-yellow liquid. Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it has a different name in different regions and cultures. It combats the problem of Feverishness. cic, circular scar of branch; ct, cortex; en, endodermis; l.s., leaf scar; s, stele; v.b., vascular bundle. Turmeric is a tropical plant. Duggirala, Kodur type, Tekurpet, Mydukuru, Sugantham, Alleppey, Kasturi, and Kesar are some other commercially popular varieties. So do let us know in the comments below if some other name knows turmeric in your language, locality or culture! Turmeric is also known as Curcuma, Curcumin, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron, Nisha, Pian Jiang Huang, Rajani, Safran Bourbon, Safran de Batallita, Safran des Indes, Turmeric Root, and Yu Jin. People in Burma refer to turmeric with name fanwin. It has large, lanceolate leaves, dense spikes of tubular flowers and fleshy, tuberous roots. , in Bosnian, it is kurkuma, in Catalan, it goes closer to scientific name and is called Curcuma. Should your turmeric flower, the flowers are stunning. Sinhalese people turmeric with name Kaha. The outer surface is deep yellowish brown in colour, longitudinally wrinkled and marked with transverse rings of scars of scale leaves. Geographical source: Turmeric is obtained from plants cultivated in India, China, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Asian countries. Fig. In Arabic, turmeric is referred to by name, In most African region languages, turmeric is referred to name closer or the same as Englis. Alternate botanical names: Curcuma domestica Val. Turmeric plant - Curcuma longa L. (Syn. Turmeric is native to south Asia, in particular India, but is cultivated in many warm tropical regions of the world. In Malayalam, it is called Maññaḷ. of the family Zingiberaceae. Turmeric is a plant that is regularly and commonly used in households, not only as a spice but also for medicinal purposes. This plant has no children Legal Status. Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Many languages have adopted the version of the scientific name of this herb. Turmeric is a spice that comes from a plant. C. domestica (Turmeric, Haldi [Hindi], Jiang Huang [Chinese]) Curcuma zedoaria (Zedoary) Curcuma amada (Mango-Ginger) Curcuma xanthorrhizia (Curcuma, Japanese Turmeric, Tewon Lawa, Temu Lawak) Cautions Turmeric should not be used if there is a bile duct obstruction. It is commonly used as a condiment, particularly in the Asian and African countries. gurkmeja, Turmerik in Icelandic, and, in Maltese, it is called turmeric. It is a Curcuma longa is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Turmeric is addressed with different local names around the globe. Turmeric, the vibrant yellowish/orange powder that comes from the root of the perennial Curcuma longa plant, has been used for centuries throughout Asia. The paste or cream of the rhizome is applied externally for brightening the colour of the skin. The drug is hard and heavy and breaks with a short fracture. The plant reaches barely three feet in height and produces both a flower and a rhizome, or stem that … Turmeric is a member of the Curcuma botanical group, which is part of the ginger family of herbs, the Zingiberaceae. It is a widely cultivated plant throughout the tropics. Eastern – Curcuma longa, C. zedoaria. of rhizome. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Turmeric is also loaded with nutrients too. Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, is a tropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial in the ginger family. As early as 3000 BC, the turmeric plants were cultivated by Harappan civilization. It has a fairly neutral flavor, little spicy. They grow in warm, humid climates and thrive only in temperatures abov… The hot paste of the rhizome is used as a poultice in the treatment of inflammations and joint pains. All curcumas are perennial plants native to southern Asia. Mydukuru type has a higher yield potential than Tekurpet but more inferior in curcumin content. A decoction prepared from its roots is a good herbal treatment for Migraine and Epilepsy. It has large, lanceolate leaves, dense spikes of tubular flowers and fleshy, tuberous roots. It has a particular affinity for the blood, 1 and is thereby able to circulate its powerful health benefits throughout the body. Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial growing to a height of one meter. There are almost 30 known varieties of this herb. of the family Zingiberaceae. 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Another feature it shares with ginger is a showy flower (although the showy part is actually a bract, not the true flower), which means an additional use for the plant is as an ornamental. The ground tissue is made up of parenchymatous cells, which contain masses of gelatinised starch grains. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Botanical source: Turmeric consists of the boiled and dried whole or split and unpeeled rhizome of Curcuma domestica Val. Turmeric Botanical name. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Turmeric is obtained from plants cultivated in India, China, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Asian countries. 2 T urcuma longa) www.botanicaladulterants.org 1.3 Accepted Latin binomial: Curcuma longa L. 1.4 Synonyms: Curcuma domestica2,10,15,16 1.5 Botanical family: Zingiberaceae 1.6 Distribution: The plant is native to Southeast Asia, especially India.1,11-13,17 It is available in all states of India, but particularly in Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and Cultivated in India since ancient time. Botanical Name: Curcuma Longa L: English Name: Turmeric Finger: Hindi Name: Haldi: Family Name: Zingiberaceae: Cultivation. It is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and, like ginger, is considered a spice. Apart from having a variety of names, Turmeric can be categorized into different categories, as well. Ginger family (Zingiberaceae) Useful information about the plant. Short knob like branches and large circular scars of broken off branches often occur on the surface. In Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, and German, turmeric is called kurkuma. The fresh juice of Turmeric is used internally as a blood purifier. Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. You have entered an incorrect email address! Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcuma longa. Turmeric also has a great importance as a medicinal plant. Botanical Name: Western – Curcuma longa. Turmeric originated in India and is now cultivated in most parts of tropical Asia. Short dense spikes of pale yellow flowers are produced in summer. Origin and Distribution Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcuma longa. In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. Plant order of turmeric. It grows on underground tubers or Rhizomes. Botanical Name: Curcuma longa.. Other Common Names: Indian saffron, haldi, kunyit.. Habitat: Turmeric has its origins most likely in India but today it is common throughout Southeast Asia, China, and southern Australia but can be found in most tropical regions of the world.. Black Turmeric is an Indian spice majorly grown in South India. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Plant Description: Curcuma longa is a rhizomatous, perennial herb. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Curcuma longa. Two closely related plants, Curcuma petolata and Curcuma roscoeana, are natives of Cambodia and are grown for their decorative foliage and blossoms. So let’s look at various names of Turmeric in different languages. The scientific name of Turmeric is the botanical name or formal name. Turmeric is widely grown both as a kitchen spice and for its medicinal uses. h. In Chichewa, Hausa, Igbo, Sesotho, Yoruba, and Zulu, this herb is related to the name Turmeric only. The drug has a characteristic aromatic odour and a somewhat bitterish unpalatable taste. Botanical and Common Names Family Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa syn. What Are The Different Types of Aloe Vera. The lamina is green above and pale green below and has a length of 30-40 cm and width 8-12 cm. In Spanish, French, and Italian, the spice is also called Curcuma. Turmeric consists of the boiled and dried whole or split and unpeeled rhizome of Curcuma domestica Val. It should not […] 65: Turmeric A, finger turmeric; 8, bulb turmeric; C, t.s. C. aromatica is often used as a medicinally interchangeable species in traditional Chinese medicine. besaar) in Nepali, nghệ in Vietnamese, Kamin in Thai, kunjit in Indonesian, borrie in Afrikaans and. On the basis of duration of crop, turmeric can be classified into 3 main categories: Long duration types (9 Months) has Tekurpet, Duggirala, Armur and Mydukuru variety of Turmeric, Medium Duration types (8 Months) has Kothapet, Krishna and Kesar variety of Turmeric  and Short Duration types (7 Months) has Amalapuram and Dindigram varieties. and Curcuma longa Linn. It should not be used during pregnancy. Turmeric is an herbaceous perennial growing to a height of one meter. 1-4 flowers are born in axil of the bract opening one at a time. TURMERIC (BOTANICAL NAME : Curcuma Longa) Turmeric contains wide range of antioxidant, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal , anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic and anti inflammatory properties. All parts of the plant are of great medical importance. Health Benefits of Turmeric. Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. It is used for treatment of … Interpreting Wetland Status. Internally the drug is uniformly dull brownish yellow in colour with a waxy appearance. There are 7 to 12 leaves, the leaf sheaths forms the pseudo stem. The plant is a herbaceous perennial, 60-90 cm high, with a short stem and tufted leaf. Portuguese has a slightly different name to Turmeric than all other languages from that region. Seeds are produced in capsules … It has a long history that links it to Vedic Culture in India. There are 7 to 12 leaves, the leaf sheaths forms the pseudo stem. Its rhizomes have traditionally been used both in food preparation and as a medicine. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Its rhizomes (underground stems) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye. Most of the languages which have its origin from the Sanskrit language has a similar undertone of the name of Turmeric with slight variation. Propagation Fresh, plump, juicy looking rhizomes should be selected from raw turmeric sold for food. It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring. Javanese turmeric - Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. Turmeric is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) tall. The powder prepared from the ground dried rhizome of Haldi, known as Turmeric Power or Haldi powder, is used extensively as a spice, food preservative, cosmetic, and medicine for centuries. In Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, and German, turmeric is called kurkuma. Aromatic Summary / Note / Strength of Aroma: A base note with a medium aroma, Turmeric Essential Oil has the same fragrant woody scent as the powdered spice used in Eastern cuisine. Turmeric is called. (Reproduced from Wallis). It is also cultivated in Nigeria and many other tropical countries. Turmeric stands alone for its exceptionally high margin of safety during its over 6,000 years use as a culinary spice in curry and medicinal herb. Curcuma longa is a member of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family. The botanical name for turmeric is Curcuma longa and it is part of the Zingiberaceae family which also includes ginger, galangal and cardamom. It is commonly used in Asian food. It is a plant that has aroused more interest in … It is used frequently in many dishes there. In fact, turmeric goes by the name of yellow ginger in some cultures as its knobby rhizome is said to resemble ginger. The botanical name is derived from the Arabic word “al-krukum”. It is used to support a number of systems and functions in the body: It goes by other names, such as saffron or yuquilla stick. Curcuma longa is a member of the Zingiberaceae or ginger family. In Azerbaijani, it is called zerdeçal. Turmeric is derived from Classical Arabic “kurkum”, which means saffron, the clear bright yellow dye. Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. Wetland Status. Turmeric s botanical name is Curcuma longa. In Belarusian, Bulgarian and Macedonian, it is called. and Curcuma longa Linn. It means “saffron” and indicates the coloring properties of the plant. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Curcuma longa L. – common turmeric Subordinate Taxa. Turmeric is a spice that comes from the turmeric plant. Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). In Belarusian, Bulgarian and Macedonian, it is called куркума, in Bosnian, it is kurkuma, in Catalan, it goes closer to scientific name and is called Curcuma. In fact, turmeric goes by the name of yellow ginger in some cultures as its knobby rhizome is said to resemble ginger. Turmeric (Curcuma longa), also known as yellow ginger or Indian saffron, is a plant from the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Botanical Name of Spices, Common Name of Spices, Family Name of Spices, Part Used As … Curcuma domestica Val.) Turmeric: Scientific Name and Common Names in Different Languages, In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. Its botanical name is Curcuma longa. Turmeric occurs in whole forms as fingers and bulbs or in longitudinally split pieces. , turmeric is addressed with different local names around turmeric botanical name globe,,! The plant are of great medical importance to plant family Zingiberaceae gurkmeja, Turmerik in,. 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Treatment for Migraine and Epilepsy, in Bosnian, it goes by the name conforming to the International Code Nomenclature! Flower, the turmeric plants were cultivated by Harappan civilization a widely cultivated plant throughout the tropics is a... Main purpose of having a variety turmeric botanical name names, such as saffron or yuquilla stick masses of gelatinised grains... Green below and has a fairly neutral flavor, little spicy, bulb turmeric ; 8, bulb ;. Other tropical countries in Indonesian, borrie in Afrikaans and propagation Fresh, plump, juicy looking rhizomes should selected... Curcuma taxonomic group, which means saffron, the Zingiberaceae heavy and with. Perennial plants native to southern Asia part of the Zingiberaceae the fingers bulbs! With different local names around the globe have the right color and higher curing percentage gurkmeja, Turmerik Icelandic... Plant are of great medical importance both as a medicinally interchangeable species in Chinese.

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