bell telephone company history

In 1880 the company was reorganized as Telephone Exchange Company of Indianapolis, and that same year the second telephone company in Indianapolis, Western Telephone Company, was founded. On April 29, 1880, a special act of Parliament incorporated the Bell Telephone Company of Canada. The Bell System included Western Electric (manufacturing), Bell Laboratories (research and development), AT&T Long Lines and the regional Bell operating companies. The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, that dominated the telephone services industry in North America for 100 years from its creation in 1877 until its antitrust breakup in the early 1980s. On 1 January 1970 the Avalon Telephone Company became Newfoundland Telephone Company Ltd, and in 1976 public shares were issued, making Newfoundland Telephone a widely held company, with Bell Canada holding majority ownership. The American Telephone and Telegraph company (known today as simply AT&T), Western Electric (which became Lucent), Bell Labs, and the 22 local Bell operating companies (which became the so-called "Baby Bells”) made up a huge and complex corporate system providing telecommunications equipment and service to the majority of the people living in the US prior to divestiture. AT&T, broken up in deregulation in the 1980s, but reformed in the 2000s, still exists today. Created/Published between 1915 and 1925. A telephone company, also known as a telco, telephone service provider, or telecommunications operator, is a kind of communications service provider (CSP), more precisely a telecommunications service provider (TSP), that provides telecommunications services such as telephony and data communications access. When in 1893 Bell's patent expired, the number of independent telephone companies skyrocketed. Bell telephone magazine . In the year 1878, the first telephone exchange in the United States opened its doors in New Haven, Connecticut, under license from Bell Telephone. This lesson discusses the history of the Bell System, focusing primarily on the growth of the company founded by Alexander Graham Bell (the inventor of the telephone), including the spread of the telephone and its importance in society; the dominance of the Bell System and its resultant wealth; and, finally, the 1984 federally mandated breakup of the company. Telephone Company Histories - Introduction The Bell System’s history stretches back to 1876, with founder Alexander Graham Bell’s invention of the telephone. The American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) was a special company formed to provide long distance service; On December 31, 1899 capitalization of American Bell was transferred and AT&T became the parent company of the Bell System. An inventor named Elisha Gray had filed an intent to get a patent for a very similar invention on February 14, 1876: The U.S. Patent Office's decision to award the patent to Bell remains a point of contention among historians and members of the Gray family to this day. On March 10th, 1876, when Alexander Graham Bell spoke into the transmitting instrument, "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you," he could already envision a great national telephone system. Meanwhile, the Parent Company was renamed The American Bell Telephone Company. Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone on March 7, 1876, but initially it was considered no more than a passing novelty. The International Bell Telephone Company of Brussels, Belgium, was created in 1879 by the Bell Telephone Company of Boston, Massachusetts, a precursor entity to AT&T, initially to sell imported telephones and switchboards in Continental Europe. Throughout AT&T`s existence in the world of technology, they have been able to lead the way by consistently "sky-rocketing" the diversified industry of telecommunications. The structure, designed by architects Press C. and William C. Dowler, cost over $8.5 million to construct. Bell System was known for providing the highest-quality telephone parts in the United States, but that ended in 1984. Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born American inventor, scientist, and teacher of the deaf whose foremost accomplishments were the invention of the telephone (1876) and refinement of the phonograph (1886). In July 1877, the three members of the patent agreement formed the Bell Telephone Company, a Massachusetts association. From 1984 until 1996 AT&T was an integrated telecommunications services and equipment company. In August 1877, the three members of the patent agreement formed the Bell Telephone Company to look after the telephone’s interests, with Hubbard as Trustee. AT&T’s old local phone companies become Ameritech, Bell Atlantic, BellSouth, NYNEX, Pacific Telesis, Southwestern Bell, and US West. That was the foundation of the company that would become AT&T - a brand that is now synonymous with innovation in communications. Their enterprise was called the District Telephone Company of New Haven. After a series of mergers, the American Telephone and Telegraph Co.—the forerunner of today's AT&T—was incorporated in 1880. Bell Telephone Company AT&T Business, HIStory: Past, Present And Future, Book I is a 1305x1306 PNG image with a transparent background. A key figure involved in New England telephone history was Marshall Jewell who served as President of the Southern New England Telephone Company. Originally part of AT&T, under the Bell System, Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. and the CWA negotiated many contracts, often with the use of strikes. The first telephone directory was published on 21 February 1878 in the USA. 206.767.3012 Bell, Thomas Sanders and Gardiner G. Hubbard formed The Bell Patent Association in order to capitalize on the invention. (See our Patent Follies article for more on Bell’s patent struggles.) In Alexander Graham Bell …a group that established the Bell Telephone Company in July 1877 to commercialize Bell’s telephone. Title: Michigan Bell Telephone Company Photographs Creator: Michigan Bell Telephone Company. A new era in technology -- the Information Age. It was a single piece of cardboard that listed 50 individuals and businesses with telephones in New Haven, Connecticut. The Bell System was the system of companies, led by the Bell Telephone Company and later by AT&T, that dominated the telephone services industry in North America for 100 years from its creation in 1877 until its antitrust breakup in the early 1980s. Here's how telephones evolved since Bell's first day of candlestick and rotary phones: 1963: The Bell Telephone Company introduced the first push-button, touch-tone phone. On March 7, 1876, 29-year-old Alexander Graham Bell receives a patent for his revolutionary new invention–the telephone. From this, SBC Communications Inc. (first known as Southwestern Bell Corp.) was born. The National Bell Telephone Company of Boston eventually took the patent off Melville Bell's hands. Responding to small-company complaints, a theory was developed by AT&T president Theodore Vail in 1907. Each day, Benzinga takes a look back at a notable market-related moment that happened on this date. Although his invention rendered him independently wealthy, he sold off most of his stock holdings in the company early… The company enlisted the aid of Hugh C. Baker, head of the Hamilton District Telegraph Company, to apply for a charter from the Canadian Parliament. The historical 12-story "Modern Movement" building now Co-Exists as a luxury Apartment and a High School immersed in the downtown professional world. A franchise is born. The system broke up into eight companies in 1984 by agreement between AT&T and the U.S. Department of Justice (“Divestiture”). Answer Alexander Graham Bell is often credited with being the inventor of the telephone since he was awarded the first successful patent. THG Archives In 1883 Central Union Telephone Company, a Bell System operation and … 1986. Because Bell controlled the intellectual property and patents behind the telephone system, AT&T had a de facto monopoly over the young … Purchased from the Equitable Life Assurance Society, 201 Stanwix Street would become the home of the The Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania Building. At the U.S. Centennial Exposition, Berliner saw a Bell Company telephone demonstrated and was inspired to find ways to improve the newly invented telephone. (American Bell continued in existence for a few more years as a patent-holding company, and then passed out of existence.) Today, AT&T focuses on delivering IP-based solutions to enterprise and government customers. Bell Canada's plan to become an income trust is the latest metamorphosis in the company's 126-year history. They would not be able to "bully" their way into full custody of the nationwide phone system for some time. The Bell Telephone Company was organized in Boston, Massachusetts on July 9, 1877 by Alexander Graham Bell's father-in-law Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who also helped organize a sister company — the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company.The Bell Telephone Company was started on the basis of holding "potentially valuable patents," principally Bell's master telephone patent #174465. The Bell Telephone Company was formed in 1877 and produced the new invention, the telephone. Purchased from the Equitable Life Assurance Society, 201 Stanwix Street would become the home of the The Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania Building. Bell was the company’s technical adviser until he lost interest in telephony in the early 1880s. Through the next few years, the company was the National Bell Telephone Co, before once again changing its name to American Bell Telephone Co. By 1882, American Bell had grown enough to … 1881 - Detail January 25, 1881 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company. The American telephone monopoly provided what was by all accounts the best telephone service in the world. GTE, an independent phone company with roots going back to 1918, spins off its GTE Sprint division and merges it with US Telecom, which has roots going back to 1899. Bell breaks up. Alexander Graham Bell, Bell, Alexander Graham Bell, Alexander Graham (1847-1922) Inventor Overview Alexander Graham Bell invented one of the most common instruments in use… Telephones, The telephone is a device for conducting spoken conversations across any distance beyond the range of the unaided human ear or the unamplified human… At&t Inc., AT&T AT&T (American Telephone and … His plan was to create one Bell operating company for all of New England. "The Birth and Early Years Of The Bell Telephone System, 1876–1880" (dissertation), Boston University, 1971. AT&T Broadband, the largest Internet cable company in the world. A detailed history of the Bell System is available at The Bell System Memorial. A few years later, the American Telephone and Telegraph Company formed as a subsidiary of then parent American Bell Telephone Company, with a agreement to build and operate the original long-distance network. Southwestern Bell Telephone traces its roots to The Missouri and Kansas Telephone Company which was founded in 1882. Construction of the 12-story Bell Telephone Company Building began in September 27, 1956, when the corner stone was laid, and was completed in 1957. [Model of Bell's telephone] "This model of Bell's first telephone is a duplicate of the instrument through which speech sounds were first transmitted electrically, 1875" on phone. However, Bell was granted a patent for the telephone on 7 March 1876 and it developed quickly. Although his ingenious ideas sowed in many businessmen thoughts of wealth and prosperity, Alexander Graham Bell became simply a low-end stockholder whose primary interests resided in other scientific and humanitarian avenues. 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