contribution of plato in education

Aristotle Education and Plato. As an example in his Socratic dialogue Meno, a boy is able to find mathematical truths without observation of the world, arriving at the truth by being asked questions and considering the answers. There is a fire burning in the hall which the prisoners are ignorant of. If someone then climbs out of the cave, which is a difficult and painful thing, and sees the sun and the world above (or the ideal forms), this freed prisoner would then be compelled to return to the cave and attempt to free his fellow men who would not believe him and ridicule him. If the appetitive component is too strong, we would have an unhealthy soul with too much greed and lust. Each man’s soul had a previous existence in an ideal world, which Plato called ‘the world of ideas’. You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers. This ultimately led to him becoming a disciple of Socrates. Although Socrates was an influential thinker during his times, he did not write down any of his teachings. Plato claims it as an example of recollection with the ultimate truths in a past life or knowledge by contemplation rather than observation. The role and significance of education with regard to political and social institutions is a subject that has interested political philosophers for millennia. The most famous of the Socratic Dialogues is the Apology in which the character of Socrates defends his beliefs against the charges of the Athenian court. However there is an ideal and perfect chair and justice in the ideal world of Forms. Plato also contributed to the idea of structured stages of education (for example, having an elementary school, and then a higher school). Republic is perhaps the most known and influential work of Plato on philosophy and politics. Plato advocated division of labor to organize productive efforts. It is believed that he traveled extensively during this period, and returned 12 years later in 387 BCE. In this sense, justice means excellence. The phenomena are the physical world that we experience; it is a flawed echo of the perfect, ideal model that exists outside of space and time. Plato’s education of music, gymnastics, mathematics and dialectics in the Republic helps to ensure that these three components of the soul are in harmony with each other. Education is looked upon as the art of orientation and educators are encouraged to device simple methods to align learning in the right direction. However, some sources claim that Plato was a bright student who was given the best teachers of his time, at one point learning philosophy un… Children enter school at six where they first learn the three Rs (reading, writing and counting) and then engage with music and sports. There is no historical record of the exact time Plato’s school was officially founded, but modern scholars generally agree that the time was mid-380s BCE; after his return. Another contribution of Plato is The Academy, an institution at which students could study astronomy, biology, mathematics and politics. Plato explores various viewpoints through these characters. The Academy founded by Plato was not an abstract teaching center. Plato advocated state controlled education and is against any form of forced learning. One of the significant features of the dialogical (dialectic) method is that it emphasizes collective, as against solitary, activity. Not only does Socrates (Plato's mouthpiece in the dialogue) posit two differing visions of education (the first is the education of the warrior guardians and the second is the philosopher-kings' education), but he also provides a more subtle account of education through th… (The process is called anamnesis, which means un-forgetting.) In his Republic we find just about the most influential early account of education. Perhaps the best known aspect of Plato’s educational thought is his portrayal of the ideal society in The Republic. He discussed the philosophy of mathematics, po In his work Symposium, Plato offers insight into the philosophy of love and beauty. Politics. The teacher must know his or her subject, but as a true philosopher he or she also knows that the limits of their knowledge. Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. - Answers. Plato (428 – 348 BC) Greek philosopher who was the pupil of Socrates and the teacher of Aristotle – and one of the most influential figures in ‘western’ thought. It can only exist as a rational form if its members are trained – and continue to grow. Plato's beliefs on education, however, are difficult to discern because of the intricacies of the dialogue. Hare, R. M. (1989) Plato, Oxford: Oxford University Press. They could be fictional, but they had to teach children strong, moral values. He argues that knowledge is inherently present in a person’s soul and is shrouded by their perception of reality. Proof of Plato's notoriety in the world of philosophy can be clearly seen with his dialogues and his renowned student Aristotle. 3. Middle Period – most famous works attributed to Plato were written during this time, including the Republic, the Symposium and Phaedo. In what are known as “dialogues”, the early writings of Plato seem to be directly inherited from Socrates. At 50 they are ready to rule. Education Details: One of Socrates ' contribution to education was the Socratic Method.This method is used to expose the underlying issues in the speaker and subject in classrooms and in law school. Succinct introduction that covers a good deal of ground. Epistemology is the study of knowledge, or how people come to know things. Plato also made clear that not all citizens of the ideal state possessed the same capacity to realize the "form of the good." In his work Republic, Plato is said to have demonstrated this concept of the Forms in an illustration called The Allegory of the Cave. He thought that every individual had different natural ability and therefore was suited to one occupation as another may be suited to something else. - Magical Potion for Perfect History (Innovative Education) For Plato, education was more of the discovery of previously acquired knowledge. The inward/outward looking nature of the field of philosophy ofeducation alluded to above makes the task of delineating the field, ofgiving an over-all picture of the intellectual landscape, somewhatcomplicated (for a detailed account of this topography, see Phillips1985, 2010). It is also a model of the ‘learning society’ – the polis is serviced by educators. Plato recognized that only through education can an individual realize his true function in society. Plato believed that true knowledge may only be derived from world of ideal and timeless forms. It is said that herein lies the first seeds of what we know as Platonic Love today, a type of an emotional and spiritual companionship without sexual desire. He founded what is said to be the first university – his Academy (near Athens) in around 385 BC. Plato believed such institutions would lead to social progress and a more stable government and he oversaw the Academy until he died in 347 BCE. Founder of the Academy in Athens. We see in his work the classical Greek concern for body and mind. Arun is an educationist, writer, novelist and graphic artist. It is said that his Academy trained some of the most prominent mathematicians of ancient Europe like Eudoxus, Theaetetus and Archytas. Try The Republic. Plato identified the human need as the fundamental cause of association. Essentially a Socratic dialogue on Justice, Republic explores a philosophical conversation between 6 men on an ideal state (Republic) that would serve as a template for all existing and emerging societies. Plato continues to use his dialogues to explore philosophical concepts such as government, love and the soul. Plato once stated that the main function of education is not to put knowledge into the soul, but to bring out the latent talents in the soul by directing it towards the right objects. You have entered an incorrect email address! Plato’s relevance to modern day educators can be seen at a number of levels. The Academy was founded in 385 BCE, and, with the exception of a period of house arrest, Plato oversaw the institution until he died. A majority of Plato’s work is in the form of dialogues, which many a times do not lead to any conclusion. Therefore the main purpose of education is help people remember inner truths. Although Plato's Republic is best known for its definitive defense of justice, it also includes an equally powerful defense of philosophical education. The fictional character of Socrates in the dialogues is an integral part of this period. He also considered different teaching methods and questioned what should be included in a curriculum. This theme of education as a rediscovery of knowledge was based on a metaphysical philosophy held by Plato about man and his soul. The concept of forms are central to the philosophy of Plato. The Academy is accredited by most scholars to be the first known university in Europe. The ‘late period’ dialogues are largely concerned with revisiting the metaphysical and logical assumptions of his ‘middle period’. Suffice it to say that some philosophers, as well asfocusing inward on the abstract philosophical issues that concernthem, are drawn outwards to discuss or comment on issues that are morecommonly regarded … Along with his teacher Socrates and his most famous pupil Aristotle, Plato is counted among the pivotal influences that shaped the Western Philosophical tradition and thought. The object of education is to turn the soul towards light. His interest in soul, dialogue and in continuing education continue to provide informal educators with rich insights. The prisoners. For the Greek, a hypothesis must explain the facts; If not, another must be sought. He reasoned that the society be divided into three classes: 1. REFERENCES Hare, R. M. (1989), Plato’s contributions to education. The “appetite“ of the soul or the workers that produce for consumption like the laborers, merchants, farmers etc. Educating is a moral enterprise and it is the duty of educators to search for truth and virtue, and in so doing guide those they have a responsibility to teach. In this period, Plato questions the paradoxes of religion and knowledge. Born in a rich and affluent Athenian family Plato desired to become a politician but as he grew older he was repulsed by Athenian dictators and drawn towards Socratic thought. First, he believed, and demonstrated, that educators must have a deep care for the well-being and future of those they work with. These dramatic features of Plato’s works have earned attention even from literary scholars relatively uninterested in philosophy and are the reason that they continue to be hotly debated after many years. ROLE OF THE TEACHER In Plato’s plan of education The educator is considered to have greatest importance. Plato’s early works (dialogues) provide much of what we know of Socrates (470 – 399BC). His maiden fantasy novel "The Collector of Antiques" is awaiting publication. His guiding principle is that, “Nothing must be admitted in education which does not conduce to the promotion of virtue. Plato developed and improved the existing didactic techniques. Plato (1955) The Republic, London: Penguin ((translated by H. P. D. Lee). Third, there is his conceptualization of the differing educational requirements associated with various life stages. The theory and application of the hypothesis was improved by Plato, to give him a level of force necessary to be a fundamental part of all research. He believes education should be structured in a way so that it provides people and society the positive measures needed to flourish.People will be better equipped to reach a state of fulfilment, and society will be better equipped to be the ideal, just state. Scholars typically organize Plato’s works into three different eras:-. The character Socrates discusses how men should start with the love of a particular beautiful person, in the next step love is a particular instance of beauty in general, and then love shifts from physical to moral beauty. It is through the to and fro of argument amongst friends (or adversaries) that understanding grows (or is revealed). In 399 BCE, after Socrates was sentenced to death, Plato left Athens. The sciences handled so far (geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, harmony) were the fundamental fields of investigation within the enclosure. Plato said that only through specialization in one of these duties can disunity between people be erased and a just state be established. The extent to which he made contribution to education made the ideal society to be of care to their youth and the guardian were made responsible for the moral education of their children. 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