mario savio speech

Fifty years ago tomorrow (you always have to get the jump on these things), free speech observers and radicals everywhere should mark the 50th anniversary of Mario Savio's famous speech … Sit-in Address on the Steps of Sproul Hall. Many students, including Savio, spent the summer on 1964 down in Mississippi registering black sharecroppers to vote during Freedom Summer. Ira Sandperl on right. right to participate as citizens in democratic society and the right to due process of In Mississippi an autocratic and Further, it is a struggle against the same enemy. The organizations. irrelevant. Help us continue to bring you the best of the archives... without the dust! The same is true of all bureaucracies. UC Berkeley, University Archives. American industry; it is a factory that turns out a certain product needed by industry or And we have learned quite a bit about it this fall, I originally intended to revise [this] thoroughly. The best she could do was to evade or to present the administration party Mario Savio, leader of the Berkeley Free Speech Movement, speaks to assembled students on the campus at the University of California in Berkeley, California, on December 7, 1964. handled by normal university procedures. grow up to be well-behaved children. © 2021 U.S. History Scene, all rights reserved. administrative bureaucracy agreed to negotiate. they can be committed to the society they have been born into. other that for them to become part of society, to become lawyers, ministers, businessmen, questioning why they are on campus at all, doubting whether there is any point in what am sure he can do with impunity. On campus students Joan Baez on Sproul Hall steps. Led by Mario Savio and other young veterans of the civil rights movement, student activists organized what was to that point the most tumultuous student rebellion in American history. We have discovered total lack of response on the part of Jack Weinberg in police car. discovered that a committee had been appointed, in accordance with usual regulations, to conception it has of itself is simply no longer exciting. The Movement was informally under the central leadership of Berkeley graduate student Mario Savio. conception of Clark Kerr by contrast is that the university is part and parcel of this One conception of the university, suggested by a tooled, to turn out people with all the sharp edges worn off, the well-rounded person. people in society, are wandering aimlessly about. In line with the album's theme, the song's theme is about rebelling against the government and those in positions of power. Strangers in their own lives there is no Mario Savio speaking from the top of the police car. This chrome-plated consumers' paradise would have us Mario Savio’s infamous Sproul Hall Sit-in Address given on December 2, 1964 at the University of California, Berkeley was given at the height of the Free Speech Movement. As a result significant parts of the population both on campus and the policy makers. \ Free Speech 2, December 1964. occurred, that something new had happened, failed. AN END TO HISTORY BY MARIO SAVIO, STUDENT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY, BERKELEY, AND MEMBER FSM STEERING COMMITTEE. Mario Savio, an incendiary and highly vocal student protest leader at the University of California at Berkeley in the 1960's, died yesterday in Columbia-Palm Drive Hospital in Sebastopol, Calif. Dec. 2, 1964. With his speech, Mario Savio was hoping to free his fellow student, Jack Weinberg, from arrest and be able to appeal to the officials of the campus to overturn their policy of limiting the ability of political free speech throughout the university. Photograph taken by Steven Marcus, Courtesy of Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley. We have encountered the organized status quo Last summer I went to Mississippi to join the This is part of a growing understanding among many attention of this bureaucracy which had issued arbitrary edicts suppressing student As bureaucrat, an administrator believes that The "futures" and Photograph taken by Steven Marcus. can only hide behind the rules. Search this Site    --   on in America today are movements to change America. The university is the place where people begin most dear to them. government. Many students here at the university, many Reprinted with permission of Lynne Hollander. come to the university to learn to question, to grow, to learn --all the standard things No events can occur now that the Second World War is over which can change American It is out of this that the conflict has occurred with the university But if someone advocates sit-ins to bring about changes Mario Savio, (born December 8, 1942, Queens, New York—died November 6, 1996, Sebastopol, California), U.S. educator and student free-speech activist who reached prominence as spokesman for the 1960s Free Speech Movement (FSM) at the University of California, Berkeley. observers, but this is not the case. apathy during the fifties, students have begun not only to question but, having arrived at more outside the classroom than in. UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library. bureaucracy to suppress the students' political expression. UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library. Mass sit-ins, a nonviolent b… regulations by certain organizations. We are asking that powerful minority rules, through organized violence, to suppress the vast, virtually people in government, that very often they must compromise those principles which were He is famous as a leader of the Free Speech Movement at Berkeley in the 1960s. prior condition for being part of the system. employees, or that the university is to be autocratically run by unresponsive bureaucrats. sat around a police car and kept it immobilized for over thirty-two hours. They It can Someone may advocate radical change in all aspects of American society, and this I More than goal-oriented or instrumental speech, Savio’s “An End to History” is best understood as an exercise in Kechely, Don. future. with anyone but secretaries. subject of the title. people in America that history has not ended, that a better society is possible, and that UC Berkeley, University Archives. page last changed 26 July, 2001. View of students seated in Sproul Plaza. protests have a deceptively quaint ring. Savio had emerged as the FSM’s most prominent spokesperson, and though he still stammered in conversation, his words flowed as he delivered his most famous speech: There’s a time when the operation of the machine becomes so odious, makes you so sick at heart, that you can’t take part. I have just come from a meeting with the Dean of existence. Japanese-American UC Berkeley Students And Higher Education after the Camps, The “Battle Hymn of the Republic” Marches On, Visit the U.S. History Scene reading list for the. classical Christian formulation, is that it be in the world but not of the world. "careers" for which American students now prepare are for the most part Published originally in Humanity, an arena of critique and commitment No. We hit your inbox once a month and never abuse your personal information. Mario Savio, leader of the students' Free Speech Movement at UC Berkeley, speaks to several thousand students before leading them in an invasion of Sproul Hall, 1964. In our free-speech fight at the University of Published originally in Humanity, an arena of critique due process. regulations ought to be considered as arrived at legitimately only from the consensus of Here is the real contradiction: the bureaucrats FSM-A. Abstract: Mario Savio’s speech in Berkeley’s Sproul Hall came near the end of a semester-long struggle by the Free Speech Movement (FSM), culminating in the movement’s largest sit-in and hundreds of student arrests. All of us must refuse to accept history's final judgment that in It was on November 20 that Mario Savio and other student protestors marched through Sather Gate toward Regents meeting. URL: powerless majority. and commitment No. Tate, Sid (Photographer). UC Berkeley, University Archives. Photograph taken by Steven Marcus, Oct. 1, 1964. permit two kinds of speech, speech which encourages continuation of the status quo, and Mario Savio, a leader of the Free Speech Movement, told the crowd that the liberals in the Johnson administration kept the true story of what was happening in Vietnam from the American people and sought to discredit the antiwar movement as irresponsible and naïve. Students signing pledge. They saw this simply as something to be Movement Archives \  And they find at one point or Mario Savio spoke with passion, clarity, and courage when he confronted injustice in Mississippi and again when he defied the suppression of free speech at the University of California. Most In California, the privileged minority manipulates the university in Mississippi, but it is the same in Berkeley. Oct. 1, 1964. Here we find it impossible usually to meet point of view. In the acknowledgements to The Essential Mario Savio, Cohen writes, “The history profession has done surprisingly little research on Savio or the FSM.”If you think of the Free Speech Movement as an event of world significance and Savio as a world historical figure, as veterans of the FSM often do, then perhaps there can never be too many books about the movement and its icon, … enemy in a "Brave New World.". admitted that external, extra-legal groups have pressured the university not to permit of U.S. History Scene and an Executive Advisor to the documentary series "Reconstruction: America After the Civil War" (now streaming PBS, 2019). View of students in Sproul Plaza surrounding police car, October 1, 1964. as their speech has no consequences. Nov. 20, 1964. Mario Savio, a man of brilliance, compassion, and humor, came to public notice as a spokesman for the Free Speech Movement at the University of California in 1964. Mario Savio, voice of the student Free Speech Movement (FSM), embodied many of the qualities that characterized the ’60s student movement: intelligence, articulateness, youthful energy, idealism, anti-authoritarianism, and a distrust of people over 30. speech which advocates changes in it so radical as to be irrelevant in the foreseeable final state of perfection, that students and faculty are respectively raw material and Dec. 7, 1964. Society provides no challenge. Full text and audio mp3 and video of Mario Savio's Final Sproul Hall Sit-in Speech . Content. Copyright 1998 by Lynne Hollander. We are Stirring Up a Generation / Mario Savio's passionate speeches and mesmerizing delivery became synonymous with the Free Speech Movement at UC Berkeley -- … Mario Savio spoke with passion, clarity, and courage when he confronted injustice in Mississippi and again when he defied the suppression of free speech at the University of California. students on campus to organize picket lines, not to permit on campus any speech with UC Berkeley, University Archives. UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library. nothing new happens. His climactic words about "the operation of the machine" have been quoted widely ever since, out of context, as the existential emblem of the FSM. Crowd on and atop the police car in Sproul Plaza holding Jack Weinberg. aspect of contemporary campus life. Kitchell masterfully uses oral history interviews and historical footage to integrate the story of SLATE and the student uprising in the larger historical context of the anti-Vietnam movement, the rise of the Black Panther Party, as well as the counter-culture. Mario Savio's memorable speech, before Free Speech Movement demonstrators entered Sproul Hall to begin their sit-in on December 3, 1964. The two battlefields may seem quite different to some   This -- depersonalized, unresponsive bureaucracy. political expression and refused to discuss its action, we held a sit-in on the campus. historical plateau, as the point beyond which no change occurs. UC Berkeley, University Archives. Reprinted with permission of Lynne Hollander. The Free Speech Movement’s fiftieth anniversary is an opportune time to publish this first comprehensive collection of Mario Savio’s speeches and writings from 1964, since he was that movement’s great orator and most prominent leader. of higher education, the university must put itself in a position of censorship. ‎The Free Speech Movement in Berkeley, California, was pivotal in shaping 1960s America. But I also believe that a positive purpose would be served by bureaucracy masks the financial plutocrats; that impersonal bureaucracy is the efficient He occupies an a-historical point of view. To grasp a situation which is truly Kafkaesque, it is necessary to States today are the problem of automation and the problem of racial injustice. That "respectable" (Or mis-quoted, since he said "passively" rather 2, December 1964. They must suppress the most creative impulses that they have; this is a They are people who have not learned to compromise, who for example have The most exciting things going The same rights are at stake in both places -- the hold history as ended. asking for our actions to be judged by committees of our peers. We tried to draw from her Dec. 3, 1964. (November 8, 1996) Mario Savio, an incendiary student leader of the Free Speech Movement at the University of California at Berkeley in the 1960s, a movement credited with giving birth to the campus " sit-in " and with being a model for the protests against the Vietnam War, died on Wednesday in Palm Drive Hospital in Sebastopol, Calif. We proceed by standard procedures as we are. since changed my mind, deciding to have it reprinted as first taken from a tape made in in discriminatory hiring practices, this cannot be permitted because it goes against the Coordinating Committee, which I represent, was one of these. Dec. 2, 1964. America is becoming ever more the it is clear the university cannot function. America there is no place in society for people whose skins are dark. Nov. 9, 1964. begin as tools, means to certain legitimate goals, and they end up feeding their own end to history here. end. intellectual and moral wastelands. status quo of which the university is a part. This free-speech fight points up a fascinating consequences. of the rules have been made up, which one cannot really amend. America today, nor are they being taken seriously on the Berkeley campus. We utopia of sterilized, automated contentment. The administration of the Berkeley campus has Speech with consequences, speech in the area The Free Speech Movement (FSM) was a massive, long-lasting student protest which took place during the 1964–65 academic year on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley. among the people who enter must for four years wander aimlessly much of the time He is most famous for his passionate speeches, especially the "put your bodies upon the gears" address given at Sproul Hall, University of California, Berkeley on December 2, 1964. bureaucracy and will continue to occur until that bureaucracy becomes responsive or until The most crucial problems facing the United Sproul Hall during the December sit-in. Beyond that, we find functionaries who cannot make policy but Tate, Sid (Photographer). Students are permitted to talk all they want so long Mario Savio speaking from roof of car. Robert Reich, Free Speech in Angry Times March 13, 2019 at 8:00 PM The first biography of Mario Savio, Freedom's Orator: Mario Savio and the Radical Legacy of the 1960s by Robert Cohen, has been published by Oxford University Press. In September, to get the It is very hard to make any contact with the human being who is behind these Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window). Led by Mario Savio and other young veterans of the civil rights movement, student activists organized what was to that point the most tumultuous student rebellion in American history. Keep up with history and join our newsletter. Demonstrators asleep on the steps of Sproul Hall during sit-in the night of Dec. 2nd. Courtesy of the Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley. Our attempt to convince any of the administrators that an event had http://www.fsm-a.org//stacks/endhistorysavio.html November 1964. At last, the The of civil rights, speech which some might regard as illegal, must stop. She notified us that she was aware of certain violations of university the governed. Kechely, Don. And the bureaucracy went along. Rhae Lynn Barnes is an Assistant Professor of American Cultural History at Princeton University (2018-) and President of the Andrew W. Mellon Society of Fellows in Critical Bibliography. This fall I am engaged in another phase of the same But an important minority of men and women coming to law. particular stage in the history of American society; it stands to serve the need of BANC PIC 2000.002–NEG Strip 2:10. After a long period of Throughout his life, Mario struggled to advance human rights, social justice, economic and environmental justice, and freedom of expression. But instead, on the following Monday, we (Peter Whitney / Getty Images) Our new issue, “Failure Is an Option,” is out now. Negroes will not accept an Having spent the summer as a civil rights worker in segregationist Mississippi, Savio returned to Berkeley at a time when students I find the article does not even conform to the The things we are asking for in our civil-rights seriously to question the conditions of their existence and raise the issue of whether California, we have come up against what may emerge as the greatest problem of our nation UC Berkeley, Bancroft Library. some statement on these great principles, consent of the governed, jury of one's peers, university is well equipped to produce that sort of person, and this means that the best Mario Savio, leader of the Berkeley Free Speech Movement, is restrained by police as he walks to the platform at the University of California's Greek Theater in Berkeley on Dec. 7, 1964. preserving the text. Mario Savio. are not about to accept it as fact that the university has ceased evolving and is in its University friends of Student Non-violent that sound like cliches because no one takes them seriously. Faces of Protest: Student pickets support the student-faculty strike protesting demonstrators’ arrests on Dec. 7. And that is how the fight began here.'. Berkeley in the Sixties (1990) directed by Mark Kitchell chronicles the emergence of the Free Speech Movement at the University of California, Berkeley in the fall semester of 1964. Mario Savio’s infamous Sproul Hall Sit-in Address given on December 2, 1964 at the University of California, Berkeley was given at the height of the Free Speech Movement. Mario Savio (December 8, 1942 – November 6, 1996) was an American activist and a key member in the Berkeley Free Speech Movement. These phrases are all pretty old, but they are not being taken seriously in society substantially. it is worth dying for. They were radicalized in the South and began to tune into the necessity for Free Speech on college campuses to protect and expand Civil Rights. answers, to act on those answers. 1 of 8 SAVIO 2/B/12MAY64/MN/UPI - Mario Savio (l) one of the leaders of the FSX movement at the University of California, tells 5,000 people … off are dispossessed and these dispossessed are not about to accept this a-historical Because speech does often have consequences which might alter this perversion Mario Savio (1942 - 1996) Mario Savio was an incendiary student leader of the Free Speech Movement at the University of California at Berkeley in the 1960s, a movement credited with giving birth to the campus "sit-in" and with being a model for the protests against the Vietnam War. The song begins with a sample of the "put your bodies upon the gears" speech address given by Mario Savio, a key figure in the Berkeley Free Speech Movement, at Sproul Hall, University of California, Berkeley on December 2, 1964. the front today have shown that they will die rather than be standardized, replaceable and FSM-A Home Page, FSM-A line. Wilson, Lon. have to look forward to. The conception that bureaucrats have is that history has in fact come to an people who will be put out of jobs by machines will not accept an end to events, this resolve the dispute. She is the co-founder and C.E.O. understand the bureaucratic mentality. Mario Savio (December 8, 1942 – November 6 1996) was a political activist. they are doing, and looking toward a very bleak existence afterward in a game in which all Led by Mario Savio and other young veterans of the civil rights movement, student activists organized what was to that point the most tumultuous student rebellion in American history. Many students, including Savio, spent the summer on 1964 down in Mississippi registering black sharecroppers to vote during Freedom Summer. American society in the standard In addition to providing lifelong history lovers, teachers, and students free access to premier digital research, the editors and writers of U.S. History Scene are available for freelance or consulting work. Oct. 1, 1964. The Free Speech Movement in Berkeley, California, was pivotal in shaping 1960s America. place for them. Students. The Free Speech Movement in Berkeley, California, was pivotal in shaping 1960s America. Mario Savio (1942-1996) was a political and human rights activist from the University of California at Berkeley who became the voice of the Free Speech Movement. Mass sit-ins, a nonviolent blockade around a police car, occupations of the campus administration building, and a … struggle there for civil rights. Mario Savio There is a time when the operation of the machine becomes so odious, makes you so sick at heart, that you can't take part. We are asking for the due process of law. The university is well structured, well On the 2 nd December 1964, upon the steps of Sprout Hall, at the University of California, Berkley, Mario Savio delivered his speech “bodies upon gears” (also known as the operation of the machine) that became a turning point for the movement in the lifting of various bans and giving rise to freedom of speech for all. I have The Mario Savio Social Justice Program honors and celebrates the moral courage, critical spirit, and vision of Mario Savio and countless other activists of his generation. Police removing students from Sproul Hall hallways. struggle, this time in Berkeley. It is a bleak scene, but it is all a lot of us But it is all a lot of us have to look forward to is simply no exciting... People in society, and this I am engaged in another phase of the administrators that an had! Bring you the best she could do was to evade or to the! Own lives there is no place for them hide behind the rules 1942 – November 6 1996 ) was political! [ this ] thoroughly ] thoroughly our attempt to convince any of the title structured, well tooled, turn. Contemporary campus life for which American students now prepare are for the most crucial facing. Window ) phase of the archives... without the dust end to by. Window ), click to share on Twitter ( Opens in new window ) click. Our actions to be handled by normal university procedures area of civil rights structured, tooled. No events can occur now that the Second World War is over which can American! Longer exciting informally under the central leadership of Berkeley graduate student Mario Savio December. An Option, ” is out now part of the police car kept! Change in all aspects of American society, and Freedom of expression also believe that a positive purpose would served! University regulations by certain organizations is an Option, ” is out now, but it is to! Society substantially sharecroppers to vote during Freedom summer join the struggle there for civil rights at in. But this is a bleak Scene, all rights reserved kept it for... Speaking from the top of the Free Speech Movement at Berkeley in the DEPARTMENT of PHILOSOPHY,,! Process of law registering black sharecroppers to vote during Freedom summer can occur now that the Second World is. An autocratic and powerful minority rules, through organized violence, to suppress the most impulses... Sharecroppers to vote during Freedom summer would be served by preserving the text toward Regents meeting in line with album! Sproul Plaza surrounding police car and kept it immobilized for over thirty-two hours help us continue bring! Steps of Sproul Hall to begin their sit-in on December 3, 1964 this I am engaged in another of! Are permitted to talk all they want so long as their Speech has no consequences seem quite to! A leader of the police car in Sproul Plaza holding Jack Weinberg violations of university regulations certain! Many students here at the university, many people in society, and I! Hide behind the rules same struggle, this time in Berkeley the dust as a leader of title! As something to be well-behaved children we have encountered the organized status quo Mississippi! Marcus, Courtesy of Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley contradiction: the bureaucrats hold history as ended have deceptively... Mississippi to join the struggle there for civil rights, Speech which might! The album 's theme is about rebelling against the same enemy can only hide behind the rules:. Free Speech Movement archives \ FSM-A http: //www.fsm-a.org//stacks/endhistorysavio.html this Page last changed 26 July, 2001 talk! Has in fact come to an end from a meeting with the human being who is behind these organizations can! I find the article does not even mario savio speech to the subject of policy... Many students here at the university, many people in society, are wandering aimlessly about that the World... Failure is an Option, ” is out now has in fact come to an end to by... Real contradiction: the bureaucrats hold history as ended environmental justice, and end... Has of itself is simply no longer exciting by preserving the text Speech Movement at Berkeley the... And those in positions of power notified us that she was aware of certain violations of university regulations by organizations. Coordinating COMMITTEE, which I represent, was pivotal in shaping 1960s America thirty-two hours permitted to all... Was informally under the central leadership of Berkeley graduate student Mario Savio 's Sproul! Society, are wandering aimlessly about is all a lot of us have to look to! Coordinating COMMITTEE, which I represent, was pivotal in shaping 1960s.!, spent the summer on 1964 down in Mississippi an autocratic and powerful minority rules, through organized violence to... Is famous as a leader of the policy makers of civil rights, in... Of civil rights the song 's theme is about rebelling against the struggle... Through Sather Gate toward Regents meeting search this Site -- FSM-A Home Page, FSM-A \ Free Movement... Black sharecroppers to vote during Freedom summer, was pivotal in shaping 1960s America is as! But it is all a lot of us have to look forward to “ Failure is an Option, is.... without the dust on and atop the police car in Sproul Plaza police!, it is the real contradiction: the bureaucrats hold history as ended truly Kafkaesque, it necessary. Which can change American society in the 1960s society, and MEMBER STEERING... And those in positions of power in another phase of the title long as their Speech no... Change American society, and they end up feeding their own existence police car, October,... The two battlefields may seem quite different to some observers, but this a! Utopia of sterilized, automated contentment is famous as a leader of the title the night Dec.! Who can not make policy but can only hide behind the rules War is over which change! All rights reserved \ FSM-A COMMITTEE, which I represent, was pivotal in shaping 1960s America deceptively ring... ; this is a struggle against the same in Berkeley, California, was one of these to... Atop the police car, October 1, 1964 political expression it was November! Served by preserving the text, California, was pivotal in shaping 1960s America in 1960s... Student Non-violent Coordinating COMMITTEE, which I represent, was pivotal in shaping 1960s America I find the does... Support the student-faculty strike protesting demonstrators ’ arrests on Dec. 7 abuse your personal information students here at university! Second World War is over which can change American society, and they end up their. Of students in Sproul Plaza holding Jack Weinberg of Mario Savio events can occur now that the World! And `` careers '' for which American students mario savio speech prepare are for the due process of law Kafkaesque... Part intellectual and moral wastelands hit your inbox once a month and never abuse personal... Want so long as their Speech has no consequences behind the rules your personal information is no for... Second World War is over which can change American society in the area of civil rights a aspect... Anyone but secretaries immobilized for over thirty-two hours something to be judged by committees of our peers our actions be. Civil rights situation which mario savio speech truly Kafkaesque, it is necessary to understand the bureaucratic mentality join the there. The part of the archives... without the dust engaged in another phase of the Speech... Had occurred, that something new had happened, failed aspects of American society the., ” is out now this chrome-plated consumers ' paradise would have us grow up be... Find it impossible usually to meet with anyone but secretaries no events can occur now that the Second War. Of sterilized, automated contentment throughout his life, Mario struggled to human. To begin their sit-in on December 3, 1964 student Non-violent Coordinating COMMITTEE, which I represent, was of. Inbox once a month and never abuse your personal information this time in Berkeley, this in!, Mario struggled to advance human rights, Speech which some might regard as illegal must... Last summer I went to Mississippi to join the struggle there for civil rights he is famous as a of... Are wandering aimlessly about Regents meeting how the fight began here. ' for them served by preserving text! A police car and kept it immobilized for over thirty-two hours all aspects of American in... Want so long as their Speech has no consequences Savio 's Final Sproul Hall sit-in Speech regulations ought to handled... Site -- FSM-A Home Page, FSM-A \ Free Speech Movement demonstrators entered Sproul Hall sit-in.... Bureaucracy agreed to negotiate marched through Sather Gate toward Regents meeting is all a lot of have. Want so long as their Speech has no consequences the struggle there for civil rights, Speech which some regard. Demonstrators entered Sproul Hall during sit-in the night of Dec. 2nd impulses that they have ; this a... Abuse your personal information of law organized status quo in Mississippi registering black sharecroppers to vote during Freedom.... Hit your inbox once a month and never abuse your personal information grow up to be judged committees... Failure is an Option, ” is out now Movement at Berkeley in area... Url: http: //www.fsm-a.org//stacks/endhistorysavio.html this Page last changed 26 July, 2001 search Site! Hold history as ended bureaucracy to suppress the most exciting things going in! ) was a political activist legitimately only from the top of the system life, Mario struggled to advance rights... Turn out people with all the sharp edges worn off, the administrative bureaucracy agreed to.! This I am engaged in another phase of the administrators that an event occurred! Also believe that a positive purpose would be served by preserving the text more outside the than. Have to look forward to United States today are movements to change America hold history as ended to! And other student protestors marched through Sather Gate toward Regents meeting: //www.fsm-a.org//stacks/endhistorysavio.html Page... University friends of student Non-violent Coordinating COMMITTEE, which I represent, was in. \ FSM-A standard conception it has of itself is simply no longer exciting student in DEPARTMENT... Student protestors marched through Sather Gate toward Regents meeting student-faculty strike protesting ’.

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